Nouns

Nouns

Nouns are one of the parts of speech which give us information about people,  objects and things.

They are generally categorised  into different types which include , proper nouns, collective nouns, , common nouns, abstract nouns, countable and  uncountable nouns , plural nouns, and compound nouns.

 

COLLECTIVE NOUNS are used to refer to groups of people and groups of things.

E.g:  brigade, army, team, class

d

PROPER NOUNS are used to refer to the names of people, places, road names, countries and must start with a capital letter no matter where they are in sentences.

Eg; New York, Steven Morner , Alaska

j

COMMON NOUNS are used to refer to general objects and things that you see. They can also be used to express ideas.

ball, table , chair , jug

l

COUNTABLE NOUNS are names of things that can be counted .

Eg: 20 Tables , 4 cookers,  3 people (plural of person)

Rule: You can only use singular verbs with singular countable nouns and plural verbs are only used with plural countable nouns.

 

UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS are names of things that can not be counted. They are words that do not have a plural form and are used to express quantities that come as a whole or in one piece. However, they can be used with quantifiers which are words that come before nouns to show the amount of something .

Eg:  1 water =  1 glass of water

rices = a bag of rice

airs =  lots of air

Rule: You can only use singular verbs with uncountable nouns

 

More about Countable/Uncountable nouns – A , Some, Any plus exercise

h

PLURAL NOUNS are used to refer to more than one of something. They are words that have a plural form and usually end in s when there is more than one of them. They can also can be in an irregular form which does not follow the same rule and must be memorised.

books , bags , pencils

 

ABSTRACT NOUNS are words that express things related to our five senses. They are things that we can not physically touch.

Eg: Anger , peace , beauty , thoughts , marriage , secrets